Types Of Fardh (Obligatory) Salaah & The Rakaats In Each Salaah

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

“In the name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.”

There are five fardh (obligatory) prayers throughout the day. The timings of these salaahs can be found on your local masjid’s timetable.

SalaahTotal RakaatsSunnahFardhSunnahNaflSunnahWaajib
(Witr)
Nafl
Fajr422/////
Dhur124422///
Asr844/////
Maghrib7/322///
Esha174422/32
Jumu’ah14424/2/2

Note: It is not obligatory for women to pray Jumu’ah prayer. They will perform Dhur at home.

Types Of Rakaats (Units Of Salaah)

Fardh

These rakaats are compulsory. Without performing these, that particular salaah will not be valid & one will be sinful.

– In the 2 rakaats of Fardh (of Fajr), surah will be recited in both rakaats after reciting surah Faatihah.

-In 4 rakaats of fardh, surah will only be recited in the first 2 rakaats, in the third & fourth rakaats only surah Faatihah will be recited.

Witr Salaah

-There are 3 rakaats of witr waajib in the esha salaah. Waajib is similar to faradh. They are obligatory rakaats. If these rakaats are missed out, that particular salaah will not be valid & one will be sinful.

-Surah will be recited in all rakaats after Surah Faatiha.

-In the last rakaat of witr, after reciting the surah, one will raise their hands till their shoulders reciting takbeer. Then fold your hands back on to your chest & recite dua-e-qunoot & then complete salaah as usual , rukhu, sajdah etc.

Dua-e-Qunoot:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اِنَّا نَسْتَعِيْنُكَ وَ نَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَ نُؤْمِنُ بِكَ وَ نَتَوَكَّلُ عَلَيْكَ وَ نُثْنِىْ عَلَيْكَ الْخَيْرَ وَ نَشْكُرُكَ وَ لَا نَكْفُرُكَ وَ نَخْلَعُ وَ نَتْرُكُ مَنْ يَّفْجُرُكْ. اَللّٰهُمَّ اِيّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَ لَكَ نُصَلِّيْ وَ نَسْجُدُ وَ اِلَيْكَ نَسْعٰے وَ نَحْفِدُ وَ نَرْجُوْا رَحْمَتَكَ وَ نَخْشٰى عَذابَكَ اِنَّ عَذابَكَ بِالْكُفَّارِ مُلْحِقْ.

O Allah! We implore you alone for help and beg forgiveness from You alone, And believe in You and rely on You, And praise You for all the good things, And we are grateful to You and not ungrateful to You, And we turn away and give up him who disobeys you.

O Allah! You alone do we worship,  And for You do we pray and bow before You alone, And we hasten to please You and we fear Your severe punishment,  And we hope for Your Mercy and fear Your admonishment,  Verily’ your severe punishment is going to overtake the unbelievers.

-If a person does not know due-e-qunoot they should make effort to learn it & in the meantime recite:

رَبِّ  three times

Or  اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي three times

Or رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّار once.

Sunnah – e – Mukkadah

The rakaats in pink (in the table) are sunnah – e – muakkadah. These rakaats were the constant practice of the prophet ﷺ. A person who leaves these out without a valid excuse will be sinful.

-Surah will be recited in all rakaats after Surah Faatiha.

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ. said: “Whoever prays twelve rak’ats during the day and night will have a house built for him in paradise: four rak’at before zuhr and two after it, two rak’ats after maghrib, two rak’ats after ‘isha, and two rak’ats before fajr.” (Tirmidhi)

Sunnah-e – Ghayr Muakkadah

-These rakaats were the practice of the prophet ﷺ . A person who leaves these out will not be sinful.

-Surah will be recited in all rakaats after Surah Faatihah.

Nafl

-These are optional. A person who leaves these out will not be sinful.

-Surah will be recited in all rakaats after Surah Faatiha.