بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ
“In the name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.”
اِنَّ اللّٰهَ يُحِبُّ التَّوَّابِيۡنَ وَيُحِبُّ الۡمُتَطَهِّرِيۡنَ
Indeed Allah loves those who are most repenting, and loves those who keep themselves pure.
[Al-Baqarah – Ayah 222]
A major part of our religion is based on purity. If we look at the 5 pillars of Islam, salaah, fasting, certain rituals in hajj etc, they all require a person to be in the state of purity.
Cleanliness and purification are of two types:
1) Outer purification
2) Inner purification.
Outer purification is the one that we instantly think of when the words purity are said to us. This can be obtained by proper bodily purification e.g. making wudhu, taking bath, cleaning teeth, smelling pleasant, keeping house and clothes clean, etc.
Inner purity relates to our faith, pure understanding of our religion & being free from polytheism. The idea of polytheism in itself is a form of impurity.
Inner purification also means to have clean and pure thinking, avoiding sins, making dhikr and making sure the heart is pure of spiritual affliction such as anger, hatred, relying on other people than Allah, pride, arrogance, hatred, bad assumptions, etc.
Islam emphasizes on both the inner self & the outer self. The outer self has an effect on the inner self & the inner self has an effect on the outer self. They are both equally as important. The outer purification has a great impact on our inner purification. This is why it is highly encouraged to remain in the state of wudhu or perform Ghusl immediately, once due, as this will allow you to perform more good deeds & abstain from sins which contribute to one’s inner purity & a stronger sense of faith. This is why the prophet ﷺ has said;
الطُّهُوْرُ شَطْرُ الاِيْمانِ
“Purity is half of faith” [Muslim].