Rules Concerning Salaah

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

“In the name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.”

– If someone intentionally recites a surah first & then surah fatihah, they will have to repeat their salaah.

-If one does not stand up straight from rukhu, instead stands a little & goes into sajdah, then salaah will be invalid & will have to be repeated.

-If one does not sit up fully in between the 2 sajdahs, then it will only be classed as one sajdah & so salaah will be invalid & will have to be repeated. If one sits up in a way that they are close to sitting then salaah will be valid but they will be sinful.

– In salaah, a woman must recite Surah Faatihah, another Surah, and all the other duas softly and silently. But she should recite them in such a way that her voice reaches her own ears. If she cannot hear her own voice, her salaah will not be valid

-To fix certain surahs for certain salaahs is makhrooh.

-To recite a longer surah in the second rakaah compared to the first is makhrooh.

-If there are many women together, they should pray salaah ALONE. To do jama’ah & pray in a congregation whereby one woman leads them all is makrooh tahrimi (severely disliked – closer to haraam). It has been mentioned in a hadith: “There is no good in women performing salaah with jamaat except in a masjid where the salaahs of the males are performed with jamaat ”.

-If  women are praying in jama’ah with the mahram male members of their family, then they will stand in the back row. If they stand next to the men, then both the men & women’s salaah will be invalid.

-If a woman stands near a man in such a way that any part of her body comes in line with any part of the body of the man, then the salaah will become invalid. So much so that when she goes into sajdah and her head comes in line with his feet, even then the salaah will become invalid. 

-At the time of commencing the salaah, if the imam had made the intention of leading the woman or made this intention in the midst of his salaah when she joined the jama’ah, her salaah will be valid. If the imam did not make an intention of leading her, the salaah of the congregation will not become invalid. Instead, only her salaah will not be valid.

-It is makrooh-e-tahrimi (severely disliked – closer to haraam) for a man to lead women in a place where there is no other man or where there is no mahram female such as his wife, mother, sister, etc. If there is another man or mahram female, it will not be makrooh.

– If one yawns unintentionally in salaah, then they should try to keep their mouth closed & stop it. If this is not possible then cover the mouth with the palm of the hand.

-At the time of making salaam, one did not make salaam, instead he started to speak with someone or got up & went away or did something that would break salaah, then he will be absolved of his fardh duty, but his salaah will be worthless & he will be sinful if he does not repeat his salaah.

-In every rakaah, Bismillah should be recited before Surah Faatihah. When the next Surah is read, Bismillah should be read again. This is the preferable method.

-When making sajdah, if one does not place the forehead and nose on the ground, but places the forehead only, even then the salaah will be valid. But if one does not place the forehead, and places the nose only, the salaah will not be valid. However, if a person has a valid excuse, it will be permissible to place his nose only.

-If a person makes sajdah on something made out of straw or cotton wool, he should press his head down firmly and make sajdah. He should press it down in such a way that he cannot press any further. If he does not press it down firmly but merely places his head lightly, his sajdah will not be considered, hence his salaah will not be valid.

-If a person adds another Surah after Surah Faatihah in the latter two rakaahs of a four rakaahs fard salaah, then no harm will come to the salaah. His salaah will be correct.

-. If a person is unable to pronounce a particular letter correctly, it is incumbent on him to practise pronouncing it correctly. If he does not make an effort to pronounce it correctly, he will be a sinner and no salaah of his will be correct. However, even if he is unable to correct himself after making concerted efforts, then there is no compulsion. 

-If the letters can be pronounced correctly, but due to negligence  they are uttered incorrectly, then the person will be a sinner and his salaah will not be correct. 

– There is no harm in reciting the Surah that had been recited in the first rakaah, in the second rakaahs as well. But to do this unnecessarily is not good. (In fact, it is makrooh tanzihi to do so – disliked but closer to permissible). 

-In salaah, the Surahs should be recited in the same order as that of the Quran. For example, if a particular Surah is recited in the first rakaah, then in the second rakaah a Surah which comes after it in the Quran should be recited and not one that comes before it. For example, a person reads Surah al-Kafirun in the first rakaah, so in the second rakaah he should read Surah an-Nasr, Surah Ikhlaas, Surah al-Falaq or Surah an-Naas. He should not recite any Surah that comes before it, such as Surah al-Fil or Surah Quraish. To do so is makrooh. But if one does this forgetfully or unintentionally, it will not be makrooh. 

-Once a person commences with a Surah, it is makrooh for him to leave it and start with a new Surah unnecessarily. 

– If a person does not know how to offer salaah at all, or has just accepted Islam, he should continue reading Subhanallah in his salaah. In doing so his fardh duty will be completed. However, he should continue learning the method of offering salaah properly. If he displays any laziness in this regard, he will be extremely sinful. 

– It is not permissible to offer salaah with a very thin, or lacy scarf (see through).

-If a quarter of a woman’s part that is supposed to be covered when offering salaah gets exposed & it remains exposed to the extent that she can read Subhanallah three times; then her salaah will break and she will have to repeat it. But if she covers that part the moment it is exposed, her salaah will still be valid. 

-A person offered Duhr salaah. On completing his salaah, he realized that the Duhr time had already expired and Asr time had already entered. He will not have to make qadha (make up) of that salaah. The salaah which he had offered will come under the rule of qadha and it will be considered to be a qadha salaah (made up). But if he offered a salaah even before the entry of its time, it will not be valid. 

-If a woman kisses her husband while he is in salaah then his salaah will not become invalid. However, if at the time of being kissed, the man is overtaken by passion, then his salaah will become invalid. If a woman is in her salaah and a man kisses her, then her salaah will become invalid irrespective of whether he kissed her with desire or not, and irrespective of whether she was overcome by passion or not. This is because it is more difficult to determine the discharge of a woman.

-It is permissible to pray Witr after Esha and then wake up and pray two Rakaats of Salaah at the time of Tahajjud. However, if one is sure that one will awake at the time of Tahajjud, then only is it preferable to delay Witr till the time of Tahajjud, this was the Sunnah of Rasūllullāh ﷺ.

Esha Salah commences after Maghrib time has ended. Esha time continues until the time for Fajr sets in. However, it is disliked (makhrooh) to perform Esha Salat after half of the night has passed. After midnight one can perform salaah, and this will be considered performed in its valid time & not a qadha salaah. Half the night can be calculated by finding the midpoint between sunset and subh-saadiq (true dawm- fajr beginning time).