بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ
“In the name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.”
Tahiyatul wudu is the performing of 2 rakaats nafl prayer after doing wudhu. Whoever prays these with sincerity, that they have no doubts in it then Allah ﷻ will forgive his past sins.
“There is no Muslim who performs wudu and performs it well and then stands and offers 2 units of prayer with devotion of heart and mind in the two of them, except that Paradise becomes guaranteed for him” [Muslim]
The number of Rakaats to be performed for this salaah are 2 or 4 Rakaats. The Mustahab (preferred) method of performing it, is to remain seated in your place of Salaah after Fajr and engage in Dhikr, etc. until sunrise. Then, approximately, 15-20 minutes after sunrise, perform 2-4 Rakaats. If a person gets occupied in some worldly activity after the Fajr Salaah, and after sunrise he offers Ishraaq Salat, this will also be permissible although the reward will be less.
“He who says Ishraq prayers without fail shall have his lesser sins forgiven even though they may be as numerous as foam specks on the surface of the sea.” [at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah]
The prophet ﷺ is reported to have said that Allahﷻ says, ‘O son of Adam, perform 4 Rakaats of Salat (Ishraaq) in the early part of the day. I shall help you in accomplishing all your responsibilities during the rest of the day.’ [Mishkaat]
‘He who performs Fajr Salat with Jamaat and remains seated in the same place while engaging in Dhikr until after sunrise and thereafter performs 2 Rakats Nafil Salat, (Ishraq), he will obtain the reward of one Hajj and one Umrah.’ [at-Tirmidhi]
Chaasht / Dhuah
The Mustahabb (preferred) time of performing Salat al-Dhuhaa is after 1/4 of the day has passed. From many Ahaadith, we understand that Salaah al-Dhuhaa should be performed after the sun has risen quite high. The scholars are of the opinion that the commencement of the time of Salat al-Dhuhaa is the same as that of Ishraaq (i.e. immediately after sunrise), the Ulama have stated that if due to lack of time, one performs the Salaah of Ishraaq and Dhuhaa together at one time, that too will be correct.
The time for this salaah lasts until zawwal. One may perform 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 or 12 rakat of nafl. The virtue of this salaah is that poverty is removed.
“Whoever prays 12 rakat for the Duha prayer, Allah ﷻ will build a golden castle for him in Paradise.”
[Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah]
After performing the fard and sunnah of Maghrib, one may perform from 6 to a maximum of 20 rakat nafl, in sets of 2 units.
“Whoever prays, after the Maghrib, 6 rakat without talking of anything indecent in between them, it would be equivalent to 12 years of worship for him.” [at-Tirmidhi]
“The one who prays twenty rakat after Maghrib- Allah ﷻ will build for him a house in Paradise.” [Tirmidhi]
The tahajjud salaah draws a person closer to Allah ﷻ , stops one from sinning & washes away the sins. It is also a time of acceptance for duas.
Tahajjud time starts after you have prayed your isha so you can pray it at any time after that until Subh Sadiq (Fajr beginning time).
The preferred time is to pray it after waking up in the last part of the night.
One may perform 2-12 rakaahs.
“There is a certain period of time in the night during which if a Muslim prays for anything beneficial to his life in this world or the next, it will be granted to him. And this time occurs every night.” [Muslim]
The closest Allah ﷻ gets to his servant is in the last portion of the night. If you possess the ability to be from among those who remember Allah ﷻ , then become one of them.” [Tirmidhi]
“When one third of the night remains our Rabb [Lord], Most High, Most Exalted, descends to the first sky and announces, “Who is there to beseech Me that I may answer his prayer and who is there to seek forgiveness that I may forgive him.’ Then He spreads out His hands [of kindness and mercy] and proclaims, “Who will grant a loan to the One who is neither a destitute or an oppressor.” [Muslim]
Allah ﷻ is free from bodily form and shape. He is Omnipresent and He is not confined to space. Scholars have stated that “Allah ﷻ descending to the first sky” signifies His special Mercy through which He accepts Duas and forgives sins.
The loan mentioned in the Hadith refers to bodily and financial devotions offered to Allah ﷻ with the hope of attaining rewards.
The prophet ﷺ has said: ‘O people, spread the salutations, feed the people, keep the ties of kinship, and pray during the night while the others sleep and you will enter Paradise in peace.” [al-Hakim, Ibn Majah, and at-Tirmidhi]
The prophet ﷺ said to his uncle Hadrat Abbas (r.a):
O Abbas! O my uncle! Shall I not give you a gift? Shall I not show you something by means of which Allah ﷻ will forgive your sins, the first and the last of them, the past and recent, the unintentional and the intentional, the small and huge, the secret and open? Rasulullah ﷺ then taught him the Salah al-Tasbih. Then he advised him that it be offered daily, if possible. If not then every Friday or once a month or once a year or at least once in a lifetime. [abu Dawud ‘Salat’ 303; at-Tirmidhi ‘Salat’ 350]
Salatul tasbeeh consists of performing 4 rakaahs nafl salaah in which the third kalimah is recited 75 times in each rakaah, making a total of 300 times in 4 rakaahs.
سُبْحَانَ اللهِ وَالْحَمْدُ ِللهِ وَلاَ اِلَهَ اِلاََّ اللهُُ وَاللهُُ اََكْبَرْ
- AFTER THANAA – BEFORE SURAH FAATIHA: x 15 (AS FOR THE 2nd, 3rd AND 4th RAKAAT, THE TASBEEHS SHOULD BE RECITED BEFORE COMMENCING WITH SURAH FAATIHA)
- BEFORE RUKU: x 10
- DURING RUKU: x 10
- WHILE STANDING – AFTER RISING FROM THE RUKU: x 10
- IN THE FIRST SAJDAH: x 10
- SITTING POSTURE – BETWEEN BOTH SAJDAS: x 10
- IN THE SECOND SAJDAH: x 10
TOTAL PER RAKAAT: 75
TOTAL IN FOUR RAKAATS: 300
-Counting should not be done verbally as this act nullifies the salah. The best way is that the fingers should be kept in their position, but should be pressed one by one for counting.
-This Salah can be offered at any time of the day or night besides the three forbidden times.
– In the ruku, سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْمْ and in the sajdah, سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الاَعْليَ should be recited before reciting the third kalimah.
-If one missed out all or some tasbeehs in any posture, there will be no need to make sajda sahw (at the end of the salah) to compensate for this omission. However, the omitted amount should be made up for with the next set of tasbeeh in the next posture.
There is no fixed time for salatul hajah. You can pray it at any time of the day or night, provided it’s not makrooh time
“Whoever, has any need from Allah ﷻ or anyone of his children, let him make Wudhu and let him make it well, then after two rakaats of Salah, praise Allah and invoice benedictions (Durood) upon the prophet ﷺ & say:
لا إِلَهَ إِلا اللَّهُ الْحَلِيمُ الْكَرِيمُ
سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِين
أَسْأَلُكَ مُوجِبَاتِ رَحْمَتِكَ وَعَزَائِمَ مَغْفِرَتِكَ وَالْغَنِيمَةَ مِنْ كُلِّ بِرٍّ وَالسَّلامَةَ مِنْ كُلّإِثْمٍ
لا تَدَعْ لِي ذَنْبًا إِلا غَفَرْتَهُ وَلا هَمًّا إِلا فَرَّجْتَهُ وَلا حَاجَةً هِيَ لَكَ رِضًا إِلا قَضَيْتَهَا يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ
Lā ilāha illallāhul-halīmul-karīm subhānallāhi rabil-a’rshil-a’dhīm al-hamdu lillahi rabil-ā’lamīn asaluka mūjibāti rahmatik wa a’zāima maghfiratik wal-ghanīmata min kulli birr was-salāmata min kulli ithm lā tada’ lī dhamban illā ghafartah wa lā hamman illa farrajtah wa lā hājatan hiya laka ridhan illa qadhaytahā yā arhamar-rāhimīn
Translation: There there no god but Allah the Clement and Wise. There is no god but Allah the High and Mighty. Glory be to Allah, Lord of the Tremendous Throne. All praise is to Allah, Lord of the worlds. I ask you (O Allah) everything that leads to your mercy, and your tremendous forgiveness, enrichment in all good, and freedom from all sin. Do not leave a sin of mine (O Allah), except that you forgive it, nor any concern except that you create for it an opening, nor any need in which there is your good pleasure except that you fulfill it, O Most Merciful!
Salatul Hajat can be combined with tahajjud as well as with any other nafl like ishraaq, chasht, awwabeen. Basically the aim is to offer some ibadat before begging from Allah, as this would be more closer to making Allah happy and getting assistance from Him.
If a person does something contrary to the Shariah, he should offer two Rakaats of Nafl Salaat and thereafter repent to Allah ﷻ with full devotion and humility.
He should also express his regret for committing that sin. He should seek forgiveness from Allah ﷻ and make a firm intention that he will not commit that sin in the future. Through the virtue and bounty of Allah ﷻ , that sin will be forgiven.
– Istikharah means to seek Khair (goodness) from Allah ﷻ in making a correct decision on an issue. In other words it is a dua through which a person takes mashwera (consults) Allah ﷻ when making choices in life.
-When doing istikharah do not put Allah ﷻ on a timetable. And we should not expect some sort of miracle, or a dream full of signs and symbols. These things are not necessary. We simply say our prayers and trust that Allah ﷻ has heard us and will answer us in the way that is best.
-What needs to be noted is that the answer to one’s istikhara prayer does not come simply in the form of dreams and feelings but in how Allah ﷻ facilitates and unfolds events for an individual after he or she genuinely strives to do what is best. In other words after you have done istikharah whatever happens next will be Khair (good) for you.
-When making istikhara make the intention ‘Should i marry him’ or ‘should i study chemistry’ NOT ‘should i marry him or not’ or ‘should i study chemistry or biology’.
– Istikhara can be done at any time of the day, one does not need to sleep or see a dream. Whatever step one decides to take after performing istikhara will be from Allah ﷻ .
– If one feels confused after performing istikhara, continue performing it for odd number of days till one gets their answer. Istikharah is not limited to 3,5 or 7 days.
-If one does see a dream after istikhara and feels it means something then one may get it interpreted by a person of knowledge.
-istikhara should be done by the person himself. For eg what a mother may find suitable in a guy for her daughter, a daughter may not. Therefore if a mother does istikhara for her daughter she may get a positive vibe whilst the daughter may get a negative vibe.
When in the most calm state of mind recite manzil (this is recommended by scholars to protect you from the whispers of Shaitaan but can be left out), then offer 2 rakaats nafl salaah with the intention of asking Allah ﷻ for guidance for your work. Recite the dua belowe and upon reaching the words ’hadhal amr’ think about what you are doing istikhara for.
Dua for istikhara:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْتَخِيرُكَ بِعِلْمِكَ وَأَسْتَقْدِرُكَ بِقُدْرَتِكَ وَأَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ الْعَظِيمِ فَإِنَّكَ تَقْدِرُ وَلَا أَقْدِرُ وَتَعْلَمُ وَلَا أَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَّامُ الْغُيُوبِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ خَيْرٌ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي فَاقْدُرْهُ لِي وَيَسِّرْهُ لِي ثُمَّ بَارِكْ لِي فِيهِ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ شَرٌّ فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي فَاصْرِفْهُ عَنِّي وَاصْرِفْنِي عَنْهُ وَاقْدُرْ لِيَ الْخَيْرَ حَيْثُ كَانَ ثُمَّ ارْضِنِي بِهِ
‘Allahumma inni astakhiruka bi’ilmika, Wa astaqdiruka bi-qudratika, Wa as’alaka min fadlika al-‘azlm Fa-innaka taqdiru Wala aqdiru, Wa ta’lamu Wala a’lamu, Wa anta ‘allamu l-ghuyub. Allahumma, in kunta ta’lam anna hadha-l-amra Khairun li fi dini wa ma’ashi wa’aqibati amri (or ‘ajili amri wa’ajilihi) Faqdirhu wa yas-sirhu li thumma barik li Fihi, Wa in kunta ta’lamu anna hadha-lamra shar-run li fi dini wa ma’ashi wa’aqibati amri (or fi’ajili amri wa ajilihi) Fasrifhu anni was-rifni anhu. Waqdir li al-khaira haithu kana Thumma ardini bihi.’
(O Allah! I ask guidance from Your knowledge, And Power from Your Might and I ask for Your great blessings. You are capable and I am not. You know and I do not and You know the unseen. O Allah! If You know that this job is good for my religion and my subsistence and in my Hereafter–(or said: If it is better for my present and later needs)–Then You ordain it for me and make it easy for me to get, And then bless me in it, and if You know that this job is harmful to me In my religion and subsistence and in the Hereafter–(or said: If it is worse for my present and later needs)–Then keep it away from me and let me be away from it. And ordain for me whatever is good for me, And make me satisfied with it).
Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 21 Hadith 263
When the prophet ﷺ intended in doing something he would recite:
اللَّهُمَّ خِرْ لِيْ وَاخْتَرْ لِي
Allahuma khirli wakhtarli
O Allah choose & select for me (the better of the two things)
If a decision needs to be taken and there is no opportunity to perform the full istikharah, the above dua should be recited.